19 MARS, 13.15–15.00

Vetenskapens självstyre – styrning, organisation och genomförande av universitetsforskning

Ulrika Bjare (Stockholms universitet) presenterar sin avhandling Vetenskapens självstyre – styrning, organisation och genomförande av universitetsforskning (KTH, 2023).

The thesis deals with a tension in university governance concerning research policy actors’ mandate to decide on the academic organization and direction of research, vis-à-vis researchers’ perceptions of governance in research. This tension is addressed through an analysis of the ideas and attitudes towards universities as institutions, and research as a practice, expressed at the policy level in connection with major reforms. Additionally, it is studied how individual researchers perceive and relate to governance in research in relation to the governance system as a whole and to the university management. The study makes use of different theories and methods, including the idea of the social contract for science and perspectives from implementation and policy studies as well as enactment-perspectives and theories of metagovernance. Using a document analysis of policy documents the study demonstrates that significance has been attributed to the internal university organization by policy makers. The analysis demonstrates that policy perspectives on the internal organization of universities have been shaped by ambivalent attitudes aimed at controlling academic activities, while simultaneously adhering to norms of scientific autonomy. Through quantitative analysis the study further demonstrates a correlation between researchers' perceptions of steering in research and the internal management model of universities. Researchers at universities with a high degree of line-management perceive a higher degree of influence in research from the internal university management compared with researchers at universities with low degree of line-management. One explanation suggested is that an organization with line-management and few collegial bodies makes universities less resilient to external influence. Also, line-managed universities have a more instrumental character where external factors could have a greater impact on the internal leadership. The quantitative study also shows that researchers perceive a high degree of influence in their research through external funding. This result is consistent with previous research that has demonstrated the impact of external funding on the direction of research. Similar to the survey, the thesis’s interview study shows that governance through external funding is perceived as the most potent. Consequently, the most distinct adaptation to governance is through adjustments in research applications. These adjustments involve innovative processes and the ability to transform external funders' priorities into research proposals. In this process, prospective scenarios are created, where research aligns with both the scientific field's development and society's utility paradigm. The design of the research system means that a large part of the mandate to plan, administer, develop and negotiate forms for conducting research rests with individual researchers.

Som underlag till seminariet kan man läsa avhandlingens sammanfattning (s. 217–221) och dess sista kapitel (s. 200–216). Seminariet hålls på svenska.

Lokal: 4-0019, Engelska parken.

Anordnas av HERO.

21 MARS, 13.15–17.00

Multi-Scale and Comparative Approaches: Disciplines and Nations

Ladda ned programmet här.

Alla intresserade är välkomna att delta.

Lokal: 6-K1031, Engelska parken.

Anordnas av HERO.

22 MARS, 13.15

The World-Class Ordination: A Field Theory Approach to the Study of Global University Rankings

Pablo Antonio Lillo Cea disputerar på avhandlingen The World-Class Ordination: A Field Theory Approach to the Study of Global University Rankings (UU, 2024).

Using Pierre Bourdieu’s field theory, this thesis explores the idea of a “world-class university” by analysing the narratives and dynamics that shape this classification in the context of global university rankings. It uses a combination of methods, including historical studies, bibliometrics, multiple correspondence analysis, and social network analysis to examine the socio-historical factors determining world-class status in higher education.
      The research reinterprets the rise and evolution of global university rankings, framing it as a process of field formation. Influential entities like the IREG Observatory and the Center for World-Class Universities have been instrumental in fostering a global discourse that encourages competition among higher education institutions, leading to the establishment of a worldwide system for evaluating academic excellence.
      A comparative analysis of institutions, nations, and regions based on ranking results over two decades spotlights the enduring dominance of U.S. and U.K. institutions amidst the rising presence of Chinese. Focusing on 2022 data from the Academic Ranking of World Universities, QS World University Ranking, and Times Higher Education World University Ranking using Multiple Correspondence Analysis. It finds that prestige, heavily influenced by private reputation surveys, outweighs performance or internationalisation metrics in these rankings. The analysis also reveals a contrast between international recruitment and a domestic orientation, with English-speaking institutions attracting more international students and faculty. A dichotomy in scientific recognition emerges, opposing older institutions with award-winning alumni and staff to younger universities excelling in citations per faculty. Euclidean clustering supports these findings, identifying distinct groups of institutions, such as domestically focused Asian institutions and well-rounded Anglo-Saxon universities.
      Lastly, the thesis examines patterns of academic collaboration using social network analysis, with a focus on Swedish, English, and German higher education institutions. It observes a shift in partnerships from American to Asian counterparts, indicating Asia’s ascending role in the global academic landscape and reflecting changes in global university rankings. Overall, this study enhances our comprehension of higher education from a global perspective, uncovering the pervasive dominance of the Anglo-Saxon educational model in university evaluations, where the quantification of reputation is misrecognised as academic excellence.

Plats: Sal IX, Universitetshuset.

Forskningsämne: Utbildningssociologi

16 APRIL, kl. 13.15–15.00

Förtroendet för vetenskap

Seminarium om förtroendet för vetenskap med Vetenskap & Allmänhet.

Lokal: 4-0019, Engelska parken.

Anordnas av HERO.

23 APRIL, kl. 13.15–15.00

Ökad kontroll och ökad byråkratisering

Shirin Ahlbäck Öberg och Johan Boberg persenterar sin rapport om Ökad kontroll och ökad byråkratisering.

Lokal: 4-0019, Engelska parken.

Anordnas av HERO.

21 MAJ, kl. 13.15–15.00

De lutherske prestene som de nordiske velferdsprofesjonenes glemte forfedre

Seminarium med Fredrik Thue (OsloMet).

Lokal: Engelska parken 6-3025 (Rausingrummet).

Anordnas av HERO tillsammans med högre seminariet i idéhistoria.

Senast uppdaterad: 2024-03-15