Raphael Uchoa: "HOMO. Nosce te ipsum: classification of humans and Karl von Martius programme for writing the history of Brazil"
- Date: –15:00
- Location: Engelska parken - The Rausing Room
- Organiser: Department of History of Science and Ideas
- Contact person: H. Otto Sibum
Office for History of Science
Raphael Uchoa, PUC Sao Paulo: "HOMO. Nosce te ipsum: classification of humans and Karl von Martius programme for writing the history of Brazil"
In 1817 the king of Bavaria sent the naturalists Karl von Martius (1794 – 1868) and Johann von Spix (1781 – 1826) to Brazil for a scientific expedition. The resulting works of their three years’ travel had an enormous impact on early XIX century natural history and medicine and in the process of historical writing of the “Brazilian identity.” This seminar will consider Martius’ early nineteenth-century classification of “Brazilians” as well as his programme for writing the history of Brazil. A central part of my current project is to analyse the ways in which Martius mobilized concepts such as monogenesis, human races, and civilization into his historiographical program. The project also focuses on the way Martius placed “human objects of natural history” as well as human costumes on eighteenth-century classifying schemes for natural history.